Tag Archives: inflammation

Pineapple Cough Syrup

Pineapple Cough Syrup

Pineapple juice as in the pineapple juice in Pina colada.

Pineapple juice is not just your common simple refreshing juice drink for a hot summer day.

It is very soothing and effective in fighting cold symptoms, such as cough.

Recently, researchers in India found that when compared to over-the-counter cough syrups, a mixture of pineapple juice, salt, pepper and honey was far more effective in suppressing cough.

500% to be exact.

Pineapple is naturally packed with antioxidants, such as vitamin C, vitamin A, manganese and magnesium, etc, which help boost the immune system.

Don’t forget the natural and a powerful enzyme, bromelain, which is found only in pineapples. Bromelin is protease, which means it breaks down protein, and it also helps reduce inflammation.

Pineapple’s power to relieve cough is likely the bromelin, which helps reduce the irritation of the throat.

PINEAPPLE COUGH SYRUP RECIPE
Blend all the following ingredients in a blender. Consume in 3 divided dose in a day.
• 1 cup fresh organic pineapple juice
• 1/4 cup fresh-squeezed lemon juice
• 1 piece of raw ginger (about 3 inches) - peeled
• 1 tablespoon raw, organic honey
• 1 pinch of salt
• 1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper

Caveat: For this elixir to work, you have to use natural organic ingredients.

The reason is the processed pineapple juice and honey are like pasteurized milk, the natural beneficial enzymes are destroyed, losing their healing properties.

This is a much more natural alternative for young children, who you don’t want to expose them to synthetic drugs with many harmful side effects.

And I’m sure you’ll also have no problem having your child take this “medicine”.

This cough syrup is so much tastier and more enjoyable than the usual convenient store-bought synthetic drug.

Not to mention. You don’t have to call Poison Center if you find you child down the whole bottle of this cough syrup.

Related Article: Other natural alternative cough, congestion, cold and flu remedies.

Anti-Inflammatory Diet for Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis. Inflammation. Nutrition.

Progression of CF

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a degenerative disease characterization by it's chronic inflammatory process.

The abnormal CFTR protein results in abnormally thick mucous in the airways. This thickened mucous further results in obstruction in the airway allowing pathogenic bacteria to growth and thrive. The respiratory become infected and inflamed.

This progress continues on throughout the life of the person with cystic fibrosis.

Mucolytics, such as pulmozymes, helps to loosen the mucous. Antibiotics, such as tobi, helps to fight the bacterial infection. Anti-inflammatory drugs are used to help reduce inflammation.

Cystic Fibrosis and Inflammation.

Because of the chronic inflammation associated with CF, patients tend to have low levels of glutathione (GSH), which is an important modulator of the immune and inflammatory process.

GSH bathes the extracellular space of sensitive tissues that come in contact with the oxygen in the air, and this includes the eye, the lungs, and the gastro-intestinal system, among others. The epithelial cells in these systems releases GSH into the extracellular space to protect them from oxidant damage. Unfortunately, in most of the systems just described, the epithelial channel used to release GSH is the CFTR. This means that those with CFTR mutations releases much less GSH.

CFTR defect is also associated with defective fatty acid metabolism resulting in low levels of anti-inflammatory fatty acids, such as linoleic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and high levels of pro-inflammatory fatty acid, such as arachidonic acid.

Nutrition and Inflammation

Saturated and trans fat intake is associated with increase risk of cardiovascular disease and chronic inflammation, which is likely an important component in the pathophysiology of many chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, and many types of cancers.

As the longevity of CF population extends, we’re dealing with adult CF patients with adult chronic medical problems, such as hypertension, CVD, etc.

As we know, many chronic adult medical problems are diet- and lifestyle-related, and are the results on chronic inflammation.

How does the current CF diet measure?

Smith et al analyzed 136 food diaries in 27 children and found a high proportion of calories from fat (38% - recommendation for CF is 40%), high proportion of fat from saturated fat (134% of recommended intake), and a mean polyunsaturated fat intake was 92%.

Can Nutrition influence inflammation?

Food can activate the inflammatory response.

Food can inhibit the inflammatory response by correcting a nutrient deficit that causes inflammation.

Food can also inhibit an inflammatory response by restricting pro-inflammatory agents, such as saturated and trans fat.

Inflammation Causing Food

Unhealthy Saturated Fats (including trans fat): processed/convenience foods, fried foods, dairy products, animal protein

Foods that Fight Inflammation

Refined Carbohydrates: processed/convenience foods, bread, pasta, crackers, baked goods, most breakfast cereals, sweets/desserts, soft drinks, juices…

Inflammation Fighting Food

Omega-3 Fatty Acids (DHA & EPA): fatty fish (salmon, tuna, trout, herring, mackerel), chia seeds, flaxseed, walnuts, grass-fed beef & butter

Polyphenols: fresh fruits/ vegetables, whole grains and green tea

Can we create a diet that maximizes health and still meet nutritional needs of people with CF?

Anti-Inflammatory-Diet for Cystic Fibrosis

The Mediterranean diet or anti-inflammatory diet is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants and restricted in red meat, processed food, saturated fats and trans fats.

The anti-inflammatory diet has an increased mono-unsaturated fatty acids to saturated fatty acids ratio, and ω-3 to ω-6 fatty acids ratio. It has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects when compared with a typical North American and Northern European diet.

Rich in omega-3 fatty acid: cold water fish, flax seeds, chia seeds, walnuts, fish oil supplement 4-6g daily.

Rich in antioxidants & fiber: fresh fruits/vegetables, nuts, seeds, beans, whole gains, dark chocolate (no fiber).

Rich in herbs and spices: garlic (allicin), turmeric (curcumin), hot peppers (capsaicin), ginger (gingerois), cinnamon, onions, cilantro, parlsey, basil, rosemary…

Limit red meat, processed/convenient foods, sweets, baked goods, butter/margarine, trans fat…

Anti-inflammatory Diet for Cystic Fibrosis

Nutritional goals are still to achieve appropriate weight gain, meet nutritional needs and prevent malnutrition or deficits.

This diet still needs to be high calorie and high fat (40% of total calories).

Studies show DHA and EPA supplement can reverse the CF-related fatty abnormalities in CFTR.

Current CF Diet vs Anti-Inflammatory diet for Cystic Fibrosis

Regular Cystic Fibrosis Diet
Anti inflammatory diet for Cystic Fibrosis

Both diets provides about 4,200 calories per day and more than 40% of dietary fat, the current recommendation.

The anti-inflammatory diet has a much lower ω-3 to ω-6 fatty acids ratio of 1:4. Ideal ratio is 1:4.

And this is not including additional supplementation with fish oil.

Which diet for cystic fibrosis would you be eating?

Anti-Inflammatory Calorie Boosters for Cystic Fibrosis

Flaxseed oil or extra virgin olive oil or coconut oil (45kcal/tsp) drizzle on everything.

Coconut cream (50kcal/tbsp) use in recipes or beverages, smoothies

Nuts (170kcal/oz) tossed in salads, blended in smoothies, added to baked goods, granola/trail mix.

Beans in stew/casserole, soup, brownies

Chia seed or flaxseed (omega-3 & fiber) add to smoothies, breakfast cereals, baked goods, stews and casserole

Nut butter (190kcal/2 tbsp) spread on toast, crackers, pancakes, chips, crackers, eat with fruits/vegetables.

Bean dip (hummus 25kcal/tbsp) or avocado dip (guacamole 25kcal/tbsp) with vegetables, chips, salads, etc

One Republic – I Lived

Why is Nutrition Important in Cystic Fibrosis?

What is Cystic Fibrosis?

CF is genetic disorder that is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. It is caused by the presence of mutations in both copies of the gene for the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein.

Those with a single functional copy of the gene are carriers and are otherwise mostly normal. CFTR is involved in production of sweat, digestive fluids in the GI tract and mucus in the respiratory tract. When CFTR is not functional, secretions in the lungs and GI tract, which are usually thin, becomes thick and sticky.

The condition is diagnosed by a sweat test and genetic testing. Screening of infants at birth takes place in some areas of the world.

What are some Cystic Fibrosis Symptoms?

Chronic coughing, frequent lung infection, failure to thrive in infant and children, malnutrition in adults, steatorrhea (fatty stool).

Cystic Fibrosis and Nutrition

“Pass the Butter, Please” is probably a very common phrase whispered at the dinner table of families with CF.

We all know people with CF needs a lot of calories in forms of fats and butter, they also need a lot of salt and other nutrients.

Research suggested that nutrition is linked to CF survival. The research shows that the CF population in Toronto, Canada had a significantly better survival rate compared to the CF population in Boston, MA. The only difference found between the groups was that the CF patients in Canada weighed more.

Study also shows that nutrition is linked to lung function. A study of about 3,300 CF patients over the age of 2, shows that CF patients who have normal body weight (regardless of infection status) maintain better FEV1% predicted and have less lung function decline over years compared to CF patients who are malnourished.

CF Foundation Guidelines

Data collected by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation over the years also suggest a link between nutrition and lung function. Based on these data, the CF Foundation put out guidelines for children to achieve a BMI of 50%ile or above, and the BMI recommendation for adults are 23 for men and 22 for female.

Malnutrition may affect lung muscles that are needed for breathing. Malnutrition may also affect tissue repair mechanism in people with CF. Malnutrition also affects the immune system and increase susceptibility to infection.

How Does CF Affect Digestion?

The absence or malfunction of the Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) prevents the movement of Cl- ion into and out of cells, causing buildup of thickened mucous in the airway.

This defective CFTR is also present in the GI tract affecting proper digestion and absorption of nutrients.

The organ most affected is the pancreas, resulting in exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.

The exocrine pancreas normally produced digestive enzymes, such as amylase, protease and lipase to digest carbohydrates, protein, and fats respectively.

In exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, the production of these enzymes is halted by the buildup of thickened mucus just like in the lungs.

The nutritional consequences of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency is steatorrhea (or fatty stool), fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K) deficiency and minerals (calcium and zinc) from fat malabsorption.

CF and Inflammation

Another less frequently noticed reason why nutrition is important is that nutrition can affect inflammation.

CF is an inflammatory disease. The abnormal CFTR causes thickened mucous in the lungs, which results in obstruction, then infection, and inflammation. This process goes on and on, damaging lung tissue along the way.

Patients with CF has lower levels of glutathione, which is an important immune modulator to help reduce inflammation. CF patients also have a defective fatty acid metabolism, which results in low levels of linoleic acid and DHA, which are anti-infammatory, and increased level of arachidonic acid, which is pro-inflammatory. The current diet for CF in high in saturated fats, trans fats and omega-6 fatty acids, all of which are increase inflammatory.

We know there are food that can cause inflammation and there are food that can reduce inflammation.

An anti-inflammatory diet can help reduce the inflammation and slow down the progress of CF lung degeneration.

The anti-inflammatory diet is rich in omega-3 fatty acids (DHA & EPA) and polyphenols. It replaces unhealthy pro-inflammatory fats with healthy fats, such as extra virgin olive oil, organic grass-fed butter, fish oil, etc.

Research suggested that supplementation with DHA & EPA may reverse the defective fatty acid mechanism in CFTR.

The anti-inflammatory diet is also rich in antioxidants from fresh fruits, vegetables, herbs, and spices.

Read Anti-inflammatory Diet for Cystic Fibrosis